Bronze and Iron Age population movements underlie Xinjiang population history
Release date:
The Xinjiang region in northwest China is a historically important geographical passage between east and weest Eurasia. By sequencing 201 ancient genomes from 39 archaeological sites, we clarify the complex demographic history of this region. Bronze Age Xinjiang populations are characterized by four major ancestries related to Early Bronze Age cultures from the central and eastern Steppe, Central Asian, and Tarim Basin regions. Admixtures between Middle and Late Bronze Age Steppe cultures continued during the Late Bronze and Iron Ages, along with an inflow of East and Central Asian ancestry. Historical Era populations show similar admixed and diverse ancestries as present-day Xinjiang populations. These results document the influence east and west Eurasian populations have had over time in the different regions of Xinjiang.
Data Accessibility:   
Open access
Study type:
Ancients or Fossils
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Individuals & samples
Processed files

Eigenstrat snp file

Eigenstrat genotype file

Eigenstrat individual file

Submitter:   Fu Qiaomei /
Organization:   Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Submission date:   2021-06-29