Ananas comosus


The pineapple, a herbaceous plant in the Bromeliadaceae family, is one of the most famous tropical fruits and is widely grown in the tropics. Pineapple is one of the "four famous fruits in the south of the Five Ridges" in China, for the highly adaptable, barren, drought-resistant and pests-resistant plant is an important pioneer crop in newly reclaimed hills. Pineapple is also very easy to cultivate, with remarkable high yield and high productivity for intercropping. In southeast hilly area of China, it is chosen for the development of rural economy and the enrichment of farmers.

Geographical Distribution

Pineapple is native to the Amazon basin of Brazil and Paraguay in South America. It was spread to Central America and Northern South America about 1600 AD. The pineapple's sprouts were resistant to storage and transportation, so it rapidly spread to tropical and subtropical regions of the world in a short time, and it were introduced into southern China between the late 16th or 17th centuries.

Pineapple are cultivated in more than 60 countries and regions around the world. In addition to China, it is mainly cultivated in Thailand, the United States, Brazil, Mexico, Philippines and Malaysia. Pineapple cultivation in China has a history of more than 400 years, mainly concentrated in Taiwan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Fujian, Hainan and other provinces, with a small amount cultivated in Yunnan and southern Guizhou.


  • Edible use: The edible part of pineapple consists mainly of the fleshy, enlarged inflorescence axis and the flowers arranged in a spiral pattern around the periphery, which are richly flavoured, sweet and sour, crisp and juicy. In addition to fresh food, pineapple fruit is often used to make cans, which is popular for its ability to retain its original flavour.
  • Health care: pineapple is mild, sweet, slightly sour and astringent. It has the ability to quench heat and thirst, eliminate diarrhoea, tonify the spleen and stomach, strengthen the vital energy and so on. It contains a substance called Bromelains which is able to break down proteins and help digestion. In addition, the sugar and enzyme have a certain diuretic effect, which is beneficial to nephritis and hypertension, and also has auxiliary curative effect on bronchitis.
  • Industrial raw materials: The fiber of pineapple leaves are very tough thus can be used for fabric, rope making, netting and papermaking.


1.中国科学院中国植物志委员会. 中国植物志.第13卷[M]. 科学出版社, 1980.

Data Statistics
Taxonomy ID 4615
Projects 2
Samples 87
Genomes 2
Variations 22663964
Reference GCA_902162155.2
Genes 26730
Cultivars -
Publications 2472