Database Commons
Database Commons

a catalog of worldwide biological databases

Database Profile

General information

Full name: Animal Transcription Factors Database
Description: AnimalTFDB is a comprehensive database including classification and annotation of genome-wide transcription factors (TFs),transcription co-factors and chromatin remodeling factors in 183 animal genomes.
Year founded: 2012
Last update: 2023
Version: v4.0
Real time : Checking...
Country/Region: China

Contact information

University/Institution: Huazhong University of Science and Technology
Address: Wuhan, Hubei 430074, PR China
City: Wuhan
Province/State: Hubei
Country/Region: China
Contact name (PI/Team): An-Yuan Guo
Contact email (PI/Helpdesk):


AnimalTFDB 4.0: a comprehensive animal transcription factor database updated with variation and expression annotations. [PMID: 36268869]
Wen-Kang Shen, Si-Yi Chen, Zi-Quan Gan, Yu-Zhu Zhang, Tao Yue, Miao-Miao Chen, Yu Xue, Hui Hu, An-Yuan Guo

Transcription factors (TFs) are proteins that interact with specific DNA sequences to regulate gene expression and play crucial roles in all kinds of biological processes. To keep up with new data and provide a more comprehensive resource for TF research, we updated the Animal Transcription Factor Database (AnimalTFDB) to version 4.0 ( with up-to-date data and functions. We refined the TF family rules and prediction pipeline to predict TFs in genome-wide protein sequences from Ensembl. As a result, we predicted 274 633 TF genes and 150 726 transcription cofactor genes in AnimalTFDB 4.0 in 183 animal genomes, which are 86 more species than AnimalTFDB 3.0. Besides double data volume, we also added the following new annotations and functions to the database: (i) variations (including mutations) on TF genes in various human cancers and other diseases; (ii) predicted post-translational modification sites (including phosphorylation, acetylation, methylation and ubiquitination sites) on TFs in 8 species; (iii) TF regulation in autophagy; (iv) comprehensive TF expression annotation for 38 species; (v) exact and batch search functions allow users to search AnimalTFDB flexibly. AnimalTFDB 4.0 is a useful resource for studying TF and transcription regulation, which contains comprehensive annotation and classification of TFs and transcription cofactors.

Nucleic Acids Res. 2023:51(D1) | 23 Citations (from Europe PMC, 2024-05-18)
AnimalTFDB 3.0: a comprehensive resource for annotation and prediction of animal transcription factors. [PMID: 30204897]
Hu H, Miao YR, Jia LH, Yu QY, Zhang Q, Guo AY.

The Animal Transcription Factor DataBase (AnimalTFDB) is a resource aimed to provide the most comprehensive and accurate information for animal transcription factors (TFs) and cofactors. The AnimalTFDB has been maintained and updated for seven years and we will continue to improve it. Recently, we updated the AnimalTFDB to version 3.0 ( with more data and functions to improve it. AnimalTFDB contains 125,135 TF genes and 80,060 transcription cofactor genes from 97 animal genomes. Besides the expansion in data quantity, some new features and functions have been added. These new features are: (i) more accurate TF family assignment rules; (ii) classification of transcription cofactors; (iii) TF binding sites information; (iv) the GWAS phenotype related information of human TFs; (v) TF expressions in 22 animal species; (vi) a TF binding site prediction tool to identify potential binding TFs for nucleotide sequences; (vii) a separate human TF database web interface (HumanTFDB) was designed for better utilizing the human TFs. The new version of AnimalTFDB provides a comprehensive annotation and classification of TFs and cofactors, and will be a useful resource for studies of TF and transcription regulation.

Nucleic Acids Res. 2019:47(D1) | 345 Citations (from Europe PMC, 2024-05-18)
AnimalTFDB 2.0: a resource for expression, prediction and functional study of animal transcription factors. [PMID: 25262351]
Zhang HM, Liu T, Liu CJ, Song S, Zhang X, Liu W, Jia H, Xue Y, Guo AY.

Transcription factors (TFs) are key regulators for gene expression. Here we updated the animal TF database AnimalTFDB to version 2.0 ( Using the improved prediction pipeline, we identified 72 336 TF genes, 21 053 transcription co-factor genes and 6502 chromatin remodeling factor genes from 65 species covering main animal lineages. Besides the abundant annotations (basic information, gene model, protein functional domain, gene ontology, pathway, protein interaction, ortholog and paralog, etc.) in the previous version, we made several new features and functions in the updated version. These new features are: (i) gene expression from RNA-Seq for nine model species, (ii) gene phenotype information, (iii) multiple sequence alignment of TF DNA-binding domains, and the weblogo and phylogenetic tree based on the alignment, (iv) a TF prediction server to identify new TFs from input sequences and (v) a BLAST server to search against TFs in AnimalTFDB. A new nice web interface was designed for AnimalTFDB 2.0 allowing users to browse and search all data in the database. We aim to maintain the AnimalTFDB as a solid resource for TF identification and studies of transcription regulation and comparative genomics. © The Author(s) 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Nucleic Acids Research.

Nucleic Acids Res. 2015:43(Database issue) | 161 Citations (from Europe PMC, 2024-05-18)
AnimalTFDB: a comprehensive animal transcription factor database. [PMID: 22080564]
Zhang HM, Chen H, Liu W, Liu H, Gong J, Wang H, Guo AY.

Transcription factors (TFs) are proteins that bind to specific DNA sequences, thereby playing crucial roles in gene-expression regulation through controlling the transcription of genetic information from DNA to RNA. Transcription cofactors and chromatin remodeling factors are also essential in the gene transcriptional regulation. Identifying and annotating all the TFs are primary and crucial steps for illustrating their functions and understanding the transcriptional regulation. In this study, based on manual literature reviews, we collected and curated 72 TF families for animals, which is currently the most complete list of TF families in animals. Then, we systematically characterized all the TFs in 50 animal species and constructed a comprehensive animal TF database, AnimalTFDB. To better serve the community, we provided detailed annotations for each TF, including basic information, gene structure, functional domain, 3D structure hit, Gene Ontology, pathway, protein-protein interaction, paralogs, orthologs, potential TF-binding sites and targets. In addition, we collected and annotated transcription cofactors and chromatin remodeling factors. AnimalTFDB has a user-friendly web interface with multiple browse and search functions, as well as data downloading. It is freely available at

Nucleic Acids Res. 2012:40(Database issue) | 201 Citations (from Europe PMC, 2024-05-18)


All databases:
201/6000 (96.667%)
Gene genome and annotation:
77/1675 (95.463%)
Total Rank

Community reviews

5 Stars (1)
Data quality & quantity:
Content organization & presentation
System accessibility & reliability:

Word cloud

Related Databases

Cited by

Record metadata

Created on: 2018-01-03
Curated by:
Yuanyuan Cheng [2023-08-22]
Lina Ma [2022-06-15]
Dong Zou [2021-10-22]
Dong Zou [2019-01-03]
Lina Ma [2018-06-01]
Dong Zou [2018-03-05]
Lina Ma [2016-09-26]
Lina Ma [2016-09-23]
Mengwei Li [2016-03-31]
Mengwei Li [2016-03-28]
Mengwei Li [2015-11-24]
Mengwei Li [2015-06-28]
Mengwei Li [2015-06-26]